|Chimney Swift by Rob Curtis|
April is a time of rising anticipation for local birders. We know the best of spring migration is just ahead. Soon the dazzling buntings, grosbeaks, orioles, tanagers and warblers will arrive in numbers, a yearly spectacle that never gets old.
I enjoy the colorful pageant as much as anybody, but this year it’s one particular species I’m looking forward to most. Not a flashy one either, just a little sooty gray bird that most people never notice.
I’d never given much thought to chimney swifts until 2011. That’s when Ray Kotz and Jackie Vernot, a Naperville couple, approached with an extraordinary offer. Would Cantigny Park, they asked, be interested in a home for swifts?
Ray and Jackie wanted to build a chimney swift “tower” and thought Cantigny, where I work, would be an ideal site. They know the property well from their participation in the park’s monthly bird walks.
Soon a package arrived from Amazon.com, sent by Ray. Inside were two books, one about chimney swifts and the other about building swift towers. The Texas-based authors, Paul and Georgean Kyle, are well known for their work in chimney swift conservation. Their books and website, ChimneySwifts.org, are prime resources for anyone interested in Chateura pelagica.
The chimney swift is a common species that visits our region from late April through mid-October, give or take a few weeks on either end. It spends the rest of the year in the upper Amazon basin of eastern Peru, northern Chile and northwestern Brazil.
Swifts spend most of their daylight hours in the air, feeding on flying insects. You can hear their loud “chippering” as they dart about the sky on long swept-back wings. At night they roost in groups.
Unfortunately, as with many other neotropical migrants, the swift population is declining. While not classified as a threatened species in Illinois, chimney swift is listed among “Birds of Concern” in the Chicago Wilderness Region.
The swift once relied upon natural habitat for roosting and nesting. It was primarily a woodland species and favored large hollow trees. But as America developed, swifts adapted to the urbanized landscape. Silos, industrial air shafts and brick chimneys became their new haunts. These days, however, suitable man-made structures are in shorter supply. Factory smokestacks are demolished, residential chimneys are capped, and new chimneys are often lined with steel, rendering them useless to swifts.
Fortunately, chimney swifts will utilize “artificial” housing, just like purple martins and Eastern bluebirds. Havens like the one Ray and Jackie were proposing for Cantigny can help.
Well, to make a long story short, the park accepted their generous offer. Ray and Jackie developed the plans, hired the contractor and paid the bills—a remarkable gift.
|If you build it, will they come? |
Cantigny Park will find out.
Now we wait for the birds. It could be weeks or it could be years. With swifts, as with purple martins, all you can really do is find a good site, offer the proper housing and then cross your fingers.
I know of only two other swift towers in the region and both are still awaiting their first customers. One is located along the Batavia Riverwalk. Dedicated in 2010, the tower aimed to mitigate the loss of Batavia Bowl, which was demolished. The bowling alley’s large chimney had been a popular roosting site for swifts.
Also in 2010, the McHenry County Conservation District erected a swift tower at Prairieview Education Center in Crystal Lake.
Swift towers provide ample and safe space for dozens of roosting birds. Inside, the swifts cling to the roughly textured walls, facing upward. Their feet and short tails are specially adapted to this vertical lifestyle. In fact, swifts are incapable of standing or walking on flat surfaces.
Only one pair of swifts will use a tower to raise a family. Their shelf-like nest, truly an avian marvel, consists of tiny sticks, held together and fastened to the interior wall by sticky saliva.
I dream of seeing my first chimney swift nest, hopefully inside the new tower at Cantigny Park. More immediately, I’d like to witness the summer spectacle of hundreds or even thousands of swifts entering their evening roost. I’m told it’s like watching dark smoke swirl backwards into a chimney.
Paul and Georgean Kyle, the book authors, refer to chimney swifts as “mysterious” birds. That’s because we almost never see them up close or at rest. The Kyles solved that issue by installing video equipment inside several swift towers located on their property. They watch the birds on a big screen inside their home!
The rest of us must settle for enjoying the sight and sound of swifts high overhead, and that’s not a bad alternative. We may not think about chimney swifts very much, but some of us would sure miss them if they were gone.
Copyright 2013 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.