Black-Bellied Whistling Ducks
These are five of the nine that visited Yorkville in May.

Black-bellied whistling ducks pay rare visit to Illinois

(published 6-8-14)

Like most birders, I was out and about often during May, enjoying the prime of spring migration. It’s the best month, and always full of surprises. A black-throated gray warbler popped up in Elgin, and a snowy egret in Glen Ellyn. Most amazing of all, a fork-tailed flycatcher appeared in Geneva.
I missed each of these goodies because birding, like most things in life, is all about timing. Few of us can drop what we are doing to chase a rare bird. At least not very often. My favorite rarities are the “sticky” ones that allow time to go see them. The Evanston varied thrush of 2013 comes to mind, and the Chicago sage thrasher in 2011. 
Black-Bellied Whistling Ducks are rarely seen in Illinois but the species
has a tendency to wander, especially in the spring.
So when nine black-bellied whistling ducks were reported in Yorkville on May 21 and again the next day, and the next, I made a beeline for Kendall County.  The duck is a Gulf Coast species so this was big news in the Illinois birding community.  
How big?  Well, a good indicator was in the driveway outside the home of Irene and Wayne Kaufman in Yorkville. There, on a table, sat a three-ring binder with the names of 218 birders who’d visited the Kaufman’s tidy backyard since the vagrant ducks arrived. And those were just the ones who signed the guest book.
“One young man came in a suit and tie on his lunch hour,” said Irene. “I told him he was the best-dressed birdwatcher so far.”
For all of us, the opportunity was almost too good to be true.  Here was a chance for an up-close look of a species rarely spotted this far north, and a friendly homeowner who was welcoming any and all birders. Irene even put chairs in the yard. Need some bug spray? No problem, she provided that too.
Irene Kaufman, who sings baritone with the Sweet Adelines, is a
friend to birds and birders alike
For 10 days, the whistling ducks picked seeds off the grass under Irene’s bird feeders and loafed on the edge of the large retention pond in her Autumn Creek subdivision. 
I went to Yorkville twice and each time the ducks were AWOL when I arrived.  But after a short wait, they came wheeling back to Irene’s yard, flashing large white wing patches and sounding their trademark whistle. This is one conspicuous duck.
When the birds first appeared Irene didn’t know what they were. Her field guide didn’t show them so she called a bird store in Geneva. The store put her in touch with Kane County Audubon Society. “I sent them an email and boom!” she said.
The parade of visiting birders commenced that afternoon, and Irene quickly learned a lot about the birding culture.
“I had no idea this world was out there,” she told me. “They all knew each other.”
Irene said she was surprised to see so many young people interested in birding. The big camera lenses also made an impression.   
The duck's pale eye ring and brilliant pink
bill are distinctive.
“They were friendly,” she added. “They all said thank you and seemed very grateful that I was letting them in my yard.  I heard a lot of ‘awesome’ and ‘this is a lifer.’ I had to ask what a lifer was.”
Unlike the birders coming and going, Irene got to observe the black-bellied whistling ducks on a daily or even hourly basis.  She found their behavior patterns to be very predictable. She also kept a close eye on one of the ducks that was getting picked on by the others.  “No. 9,” as she called it, walked with a limp but seemed okay otherwise.  
On the ground, the first thing you notice about the ducks is their brilliant pink bill and pale eye ring.  Birding guru Pete Dunne calls them “harlot faced.” Their long necks and legs also stand out, giving them a goose-like appearance.
The species is regular in Texas and Louisiana, and even more common south of the United States. But over the last 20 years its range has been expanding across the South. I saw the bird myself in Florida a few months ago. 
“This range expansion has led to an extraordinary increase in sightings far outside their normal range,” said Josh Engel, a Bird Division research assistant at Chicago’s Field Museum. “They occur regularly, especially in spring, in the Midwest. This year alone there have been records on the Lake Erie shore of Ohio, Horicon Marsh (Wisconsin) and southwest Michigan. This year seems to be exceptional, with more records than normal this far north.”
For Engel, like most of us who scurried to Yorkville, this was a first-time sighting in Illinois. Many birders added the species to their life lists. 
More than 200 birders signed The Kaufman's
guest book. 
That would include Irene Kaufman, if only she kept one.  I encouraged her to at least begin keeping a yard list, if for no other reason than to make black-bellied whistling duck her first entry.  How many Illinois birders, after all, could claim BBWD as a yard bird?
The Kaufmans are new on the block, having moved in last September. This is their first experience living by a pond. Cormorants, egrets and herons entertain them daily. “It’s all new to us,” Irene said. “Every day is a new adventure to watch.”
I asked if she had a favorite backyard bird. “Right now it’s the black-bellied whistling duck.”
And one final question: Any regrets about opening your life and yard to the birding paparazzi? On this point she was emphatic.  “Absolutely not! I think something as rare as this needs to be shared.”
The ducks were last seen on May 30. I wonder if they flew north or south.
Copyright 2014 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Whooping Crane with Sandhill Cranes by Jody Zamirowski

Birds, like all natural resources, demand conservation

(published 5-19-14)

An extinct bird, the passenger pigeon, is getting lots of attention this year.  I’m good with that, and hope you are, too. Every so often we need to pause from the “joy of birding” and think about the serious stuff.
Extinction is about as serious as it gets, and 100 years ago marked the end of the line for “Martha,” the world’s last passenger pigeon.  She died in the Cincinnati Zoo on September 1, 1914. The story of Martha and her doomed species is well told in “A Feathered River Across the Sky,” a new book by Joel Greenberg.  The author chronicles how the most abundant bird species in North America dropped from 4 billion birds to none in 50 years. That seems impossible but it really happened.
Audubon magazine last year estimated that 1,200 bird species face extinction over the next century, with many more suffering from severe habitat loss.  There are roughly 10,000 species of birds in the world.
More bad news:  The American Bird Conservancy says fully one-third of species in the United States continue to decline as their habitats are lost or degraded to the point of being unproductive.
As we go about our birding lives, playing our listing games and chasing lifers, these realities hover in the background like a dark cloud.  It’s pretty obvious to avid birders that certain birds are in short supply around here, such as black-billed cuckoo, cerulean warbler, golden-winged warbler, grasshopper sparrow, rusty blackbird and upland sandpiper. Older watchers may recall when all six were considerably more common.  My last cerulean was in 1998!
Twenty-five bird species are considered endangered in Illinois, with five more listed as threatened.
Fortunately, a lot of good people care about saving our birds. Species once on the brink of extinction have been rescued, a list that includes bald eagle, wood duck, great egret, snowy egret, wild turkey, Kirtland’s warbler and Eastern bluebird.
The whooping crane population once fell to just 8 birds; now it’s up to about 500. A captive breeding program saved the California condor but its future, like the whooper’s, is far from secure.
Success stories can be found locally, too.  A really good one surfaced this spring when the Bird Conservation Network and Audubon Chicago Region released a population trends study on breeding birds for the period 1999-2012. The report shows that about half of our locally breeding species have stable or increasing populations. In fact, birds including Eastern bluebird, orchard oriole, Henslow’s sparrow, bobolink and dickcissel were found to be bucking a national trend by growing their numbers here in northeast Illinois. (To see the report, go to bcnbirds.org.)
The findings are a tribute to the dedicated work of more than 250 volunteer bird monitors who devoted thousands of hours to collecting population data based on a standardized protocol known as “point counts.” Data from DuPage County account for 25-30% of the 14-year database.
“The trends data show the positive impact of active restoration and management of the native bird species in our natural areas and wild places,” said Bob Fisher, an avid Downers Grove birder and past president of Bird Conservation Network.    
Importantly, Fisher added, the data indicate where more work is needed. Certain ground and low-nesting woodland bird species are declining. Land managers face the challenge of how best to remove non-native understory vegetation, replace it with natives, and then prevent over-browsing by the region’s abundant deer population.
Like I said, serious stuff, and the deeper we get into birding the more we tend to care about bird conservation.  It’s a natural progression.  If you are looking for ways to help, the BCN website is a good place to begin. Bird monitors are always needed.
You might also Google “ABC’s Top Ten Tips for Bird-Friendly Living” for a handy guide or check out “101 Ways to Help Birds” by Laura Erickson.
There are many organizations worthy of your cash. It’s hard to choose. But one of the best ways to spend 15 bucks is also one of the easiest: buy a federal duck stamp the next time you visit the post office. I love that program and I’m not even a hunter.
Finally, speaking of stamps, I’m fairly giddy about the new songbird series issued by the USPS. Buy some and use them on your envelopes. The stamps may not help birds directly but they sure will get noticed, and that has to be good.
Copyright 2014 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Cape May Warbler by Christian Goers

Welcome to Warblerville

(published 4-3-14)

Finally, the magic of spring migration is upon us. The bird variety outside our doors is growing, with new species arriving daily. It’s the best time of year to be a birder.

The excitement of spring is punctuated by a family of birds called the wood-warblers. About 30 varieties of these neotropical migrants will visit DuPage between now and June. Some stay and raise families here; some are just passing through on their way north.
We are drawn to warblers for many reasons. Birders find their beauty, variety and elusiveness to be irresistible.  Observing warblers is challenging because they’re typically in constant motion, often high above us. Seeing them well and learning their songs takes patience.

You can spot warblers in your backyard this spring if you watch carefully, or in the trees and shrubs outside your workplace. But to see a wide variety of warblers all in one place, try the Elsen’s Hill area of the West DuPage Woods Forest Preserve. Excellent birding is virtually guaranteed at this Winfield hotspot in April and May.

For this column I contacted two expert birders—Pete Moxon and Eric Secker—who know every nook and cranny of Elsen’s Hill. It’s easily their favorite place for watching spring warblers as well as other birds.

“Late April through May is great,” said Secker, an Elgin resident who started birding Elsen’s in 2002 and will conduct his 10th Spring Bird Count there next month. “You definitely want to be there near dawn when the warblers start to feed. Any time of day when the sun comes out after a rainstorm can also be spectacular.”
Moxon, a Wheaton native, agrees.  Some days, he saids, the best warbler action is over by 8:00 a.m.

Blackburnian Warbler
by Christian Goers
“Bird the edges” is always good advice, and Moxon applies it at Elsen’s. In particular, when it’s chilly, he recommends focusing on habitat edges that are sunlit, including the east-facing trees in the preserve’s parking lot off of Garys Mill Road. The sun’s warmth ramps up insect activity, which in turn attracts hungry warblers.
Moxon sports an Elsen’s Hill/West DuPage Woods life list of some 254 species. He once birded there 40 consecutive days during spring migration and more than 300 times in a single year. One of his best discoveries was a black-throated gray warbler, a western species that turned up in October 2010 and stayed for weeks.  At least 200 birders from Chicagoland (and beyond) descended upon Elsen’s to see it, with Moxon playing birdfinder and host.  

Moxon also found a rare Kirtland’s warbler in 2004, a bird Secker also witnessed.  The Spring Count that year, in fact, was one of Secker’s best days ever at Elsen’s: 30 warbler species, including a worm-eating warbler and prairie warbler. (Worm-eating, like the prairie an uncommon visitor to the Chicago area, is my personal nemesis bird. I hope to see my first one this spring.)
Think about that, 30 warblers in one day at one site in DuPage.  Moxon’s best warbler day at Elsen’s is 32.  Trust me, it takes a lot of effort and luck just to see 25 species during an entire spring.

So what makes Elsen’s such a warbler magnet? Habitat variety, primarily. Ponds, ravines, river wetland, savanna and mature woodlands are all part of the mix. One of Secker’s favorite natural features is the hawthorn thickets that often harbor groups of warblers at eye level.  

Hooded Warbler by Christian Goers
Moxon credits the dense and lush habitat from the upper canopy to the ground—a vegetation structure that supports a wide variety of species and makes it easier for birders to see them.  Elsen’s isn’t huge (about 150 acres) but it provides everything migrating birds need to rest and refuel.


Not just warblers, of course.  Elsen’s is a wonderful place to see orioles, tanagers, thrushes, vireos and flycatchers. If you visit, keep an eye and ear out for pileated woodpecker, too, a tough-to-find bird in DuPage.
Elsen’s remains the only spot in the county where I’ve observed olive-sided flycatcher and Connecticut warbler—on the same day, in fact, in 2008. I’m planning to visit the preserve more often this spring, especially in May. And if somebody reports a “wormie” I’ll be there lickety split.

It’s always fun to bird where surprises are almost expected. Moxon once observed cerulean, black-throated blue and prairie warblers without even leaving the Elsen’s Hill parking lot. Other times, the warbler activity out on the trails is jaw dropping.
“When you get fallout or semi-fallout conditions you just want to soak it all in,” he said. “You don’t want to move.”

Elsen’s is that kind of place. Get there early and get there often.

Crested Caracara by Matthew Paulson
Birding in Florida's sweet spot

(published 3-11-14)

Traveling to Key Largo on Super Bowl weekend is getting to be a habit. I go there to visit my parents and, if possible, sneak in some birding. Last month, if only for a day, it felt good to be wearing binoculars without four layers of clothing under them.  
I’ve been fortunate to bird many of the Florida hotspots: Corkscrew Swamp, Dry Tortugas, Everglades National Park and Merritt Island among them.  My birding last month, however, was in a region of Florida I’d never experienced.  It wasn’t scenic by Florida standards but the quantity and variety of birds more than compensated for the lack of beaches and ocean views.
This was an inland mission, to the agricultural area south of Lake Okeechobee. It’s a place relatively few visitors to Florida ever see.
My dad joined me on the trip, and I was happy for the company.  He’s a casual birder at best but always supportive of my pursuits. Our birding would take place on his 86th birthday and he was game.
We drove up to Clewiston the night before. “America’s Sweetest Town” is on the south shore of The Big O, in the heart of sugarcane country.  I guess it was sweet but what I’ll remember most is the Clewiston Inn, a local landmark built in 1938. Audubon prints were conspicuous, and a wonderful mural of original art featuring Florida birds and animals covers all four walls of the Everglades Lounge. Any birder with a sense of history would love the place. 
In the morning we drove 25 miles south to join the Hendry-Glades Audubon chapter at Stormwater Treatment Area 5. The birding really began just outside of Clewiston, though, because the road to “STA-5” is known for sightings of crested caracara, the bird I wanted most.  It wasn’t long before my wish came true. Dad and I spotted two caracaras, the second one providing killer views as it briefly flew alongside our rented Nissan.
The caracara is an interesting raptor. It has the head of an eagle, feeds on carrion like a vulture and yet is considered a falcon. A bird of open country, it’s right at home on the cane fields and ranches of south central Florida.  Caracaras also are found in parts of southern Arizona and Texas.  I was thrilled to add the species to my life list.
Birding tours inside STA-5 are guided by Hendry-Glades Audubon in partnership with the South Florida Water Management District. The 7,700-acre constructed wetland is a buffer, designed to protect the Everglades ecosystem from damaging agricultural runoff.  So the six-unit STA network is all about saving the River of Grass. But as we were about to witness, its creation 15 years ago was great for the birds, too.
The STA-5 parking lot was packed with vehicles and eager birders—106 birders to be exact.  A trip leader announced that a chipping sparrow had just been spotted, a new bird for the all-time site list, species No. 203. That was cool, but we had Florida specialties in mind, like the ones on that mural in Clewiston.  We took our place in the car caravan and headed out onto STA-5’s man-made dikes. 
Wetland species are naturally the big attraction at STA-5 and right out of the gate we enjoyed close views of purple gallinule, purple swamphen (a lifer for me), American bittern and several snail kites.
Wonderful birds surrounded the group at all times. When the cars were moving the leader in front pointed out notable birds via walkie-talkie, a nice service.  “Black-bellied whistling ducks flying right!” The vehicle train stopped about every 100 yards so we could get out and gawk at the avian magic.
American coot was the most abundant bird, followed by great numbers of tree swallows darting about the sky. Anhinga, black-necked stilt, black skimmer, limpkin, and all manner of heron, egret, ibis and waterfowl tempted our eyes. More secretive birds stalked the vegetation where palm warblers also flitted about.
The airspace over the mile-wide “cells” of open water included cruising American white pelicans and wood storks, Caspian and Forster’s terns, red-shouldered hawk, caracara, kingfisher, peregrine falcon and a wide variety of fast-flying ducks.       
Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher by
Carlos Escamilla
I expected many roseate spoonbills, a Florida classic, but we spotted only one. Thankfully the pink beauty flew directly over our heads. 
Dad and I would see 60 species at STA-5 but the official day list totaled 85, since multiple birding parties were moving about the dikes. The rarest spotting was tropical kingbird, a stake-out bird wintering at the preserve for a third straight year.  It was a lifer for many, including me. Cinnamon teal was another eye-popping rarity.
I could have birded all day at STA-5 and the next day, too. It was that good. But five hours on the muddy dikes under a hot sun take their toll and the tour was winding down. It was time to motor back to civilization, get cleaned up and give dad a proper birthday dinner.
Alas, the birding gods had one more gift in store.  Two miles outside the STA-5 gate, I noticed a pale bird perching on a fence wire. Or at least thought I did.  A quick U-turn confirmed it to be a scissor-tailed flycatcher!  I’d seen this striking species only once before, in 1998, when a vagrant bird visited the Batavia Riverwalk.
The flycatcher wrapped up a shared birding experience I’ll always treasure. Driving back to Key Largo it hit me: Trips, not just birds, can be lifers, too.
Copyright 2014 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
American Avocets by Steve Spitzer

Big Days add excitement to the birding game

(published 2-19-14)

In my 2013 highlights column, published in December, one entry still blows my mind: the record-setting “Big Day” in Texas last April. If you recall, a six-person team from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, raising money for bird conservation, identified 294 bird species in 24 hours. As my daughter might say, that’s just sick.
Incredible would be another word, especially considering Team Sapsucker bested the old North American Big Day record—their own, set in 2011—by 30 species.  
Birding is a numbers game for those who wish to play it. For the day, for the year and for a lifetime, most birders “keep score” in one way or another. The potential for listkeeping is endless.  It adds to the fun and helps us remember those special sightings.
Big Days are where birding and insanity come together.  I’ve never attempted one but I’m fascinated by the stories. Just thinking about a midnight-to-midnight birdathon in May makes a cold February day a little warmer.
“Serious” Big Days, like the one in Texas, take place around here, too. In fact, a new Illinois record was set on May 15, 2013. A six-man team called the Mighty Jizz Masters pulled it off, tallying 191 species during an 851-mile all-day chase during the peak of spring migration.  
Charting the perfect route was four years in the making, said team member Greg Neise, from Berwyn. The chosen circuit went from Chicago to the northwest corner of Illinois on the Mississippi River to an area south of Peoria. Every mile and every minute was planned. Every stop had a purpose.
Preparations for the Jizz Masters’ historic run included advance scouting by two birders who were not on the road team. It’s critical to have certain hard-to-find species “staked out” to minimize search time.
The team’s 191 species in 24 hours topped the previous record by four. But it was closer than that.  At 6 p.m. the team was exhausted and still three birds short of tying the record.
“The team was losing juice,” Neise recalled. “We were hot, sticky-sweaty, very, very tired and losing focus. Failure was staring us in the face.”
Then the birding gods decided to smile.  A red-shouldered hawk appeared for #187, followed by a broad-winged hawk, the recordbreaker. Onlookers must have thought the group just hit the $50 million Power Ball. Three more birds were icing on the cake: chuck-will’s-widow, American bittern and great-horned owl.
Personal Big Days are cause for celebration, too.  In a solo effort last July 20, Jim Mountjoy tallied 131 species, a remarkable number for mid-summer Illinois.
Birding in 10 counties surrounding his home base in Galesburg, Mountjoy went full out from 1:30 a.m. to about 9 p.m. He obeyed self-imposed deadlines throughout the day to stay on track and at one point took a rejuvenating 15-minute nap. As with the Jizz Masters, his final bird of the day was a great-horned owl.  
Mountjoy, a birder since age 13, loves the challenge of Big Days.
“They test your knowledge of local bird distribution and behavior, your logistics and navigational ability, as well as your identification skills,” he said.
“Of course, the main reward is seeing and hearing lots of beautiful birds.”
A Big Day is whatever you want to make it, and it sometimes involves spending all day at a single location.  As a team or individually, seeing how many birds you can pull out of one site can be fun. We do it every month at Cantigny Park in Wheaton, including all-day efforts in May (Birdwatching Open) and December (Christmas Bird Count).
Last May, on the same day the Jizz Masters were making history, Eric Walters of Zion did a Big Day at Illinois Beach State Park. Except his was a Big Green Day, meaning he only counted birds seen on foot. He scored 111 species, some 20 more than the previous best Big Green Day site (walking only) record in Illinois.  
In 2012, the DuPage Birding Club held a Big Day event in June that was more social mixer than a hard-core competition. Seven randomly chosen teams birded from 5 a.m. to 4 p.m. throughout DuPage County, going wherever they wished to build their lists. Teams had to travel in the same vehicle and the standard 95% Rule applied, meaning 95% of all species had to be seen by all team members for them to be countable.
Awards were bestowed for most species, most sites visited, most birds at one site and bird of the day, which turned out to be a black tern. The winning team spotted 94 species and everybody gathered at Portillo’s after the birding.
A Big Day that lasts 11 hours and is followed by good food, cold drinks and storytelling.  That sounds about right to me.
Meanwhile, the Mighty Jizz Masters are plotting strategy again. Neise told me the team will try for its Holy Grail this May: 200 species in one day in Illinois.

Copyright 2014 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.

Great Egret
Birding can seem a little fishy sometimes

(published 1-9-14)
I’ve seen birds go fishing many times.  I have never seen a fish go birding.
Thanks for letting me get that off my chest.  But there’s more. For some reason I’ve been thinking about birds and fish.  Birding and fishing. Birders and anglers.
Actually, I know the reason.  Mike Jackson.   In 2012 I started reading his outdoors column in the Daily Herald. I’ve been hooked ever since. Twice I even tuned in to his Sunday morning radio show, which ends with a catchy little tune called “All Aboard the Fishing Train.”
I haven’t met Mike but would like to, preferably over a meal.  He often refers to good food. We could go to that Italian place with the zuppa di pesce he loves so much.
I also know that Mike has at least a passing interest in birds, if not birding itself. He wrote a column in July that mentioned a bald eagle, an osprey and a pelican. Each bird played a role in one of his fishing adventures.
That column also mentioned yours truly, although not by name.  I was the “suburban birding guy” who’d emailed Mike to ask if he might devote a few words to birds. And he did!
I’ll bet most fishermen know more about birds than they even realize.  How could they not? Their sport offers considerable downtime. From a boat or a dock, there’s time to observe.
Birders and anglers are kindred spirits. Please tell me if I’m wrong.
We both get up early. The best action is often before 9:00 am.
When the 5 a.m. alarm chimes, there’s a mutual feeling of anticipation. Birders and anglers know that surprises await. What will be seen? What will be caught? No matter what, we know it will be a good day because we’re doing what we love.
Then there’s the lingo.  Birders speak of butterbutts, chippies, sandies, sharpies and wormies.  Anglers have their bronzebacks, lakers, smallies, silver kings and lunkers.
We both use bait and sometimes chum around.
We practice our hobbies alone and with others.  Both ways are enjoyable but completely different experiences.
We can easily bird and fish on a low budget. Or we can spend thousands on tools, accessories and travel.
The technology for finding and catching fish is significant. More birders are using electronics, too. But the simple, old-school methods are still effective.  
At all hours, in all seasons, we’re out there. Night fishing. Ice fishing. Owling. Listening to the dawn chorus.
Competition is available for those who seek it. Fishing tournaments exist for amateurs and professionals. Some take place this time of year atop frozen lakes.  
Birders have their Big Days and Big Years. And to prove our toughness, we watch hawks from the top of windy hills in late November, engage in all-day Christmas Bird Counts and scope gulls on the shores of Lake Michigan in the dead of winter. (It’s not dead for us).
Some birders drive to frigid Duluth or Whitefish Point in January to witness northern species that rarely visit Chicagoland.  We bird where the birds are.   
Devoted anglers have their favorite hole or secret spot.  Birders have their local “patch.” The depth of their knowledge about these special places is often astounding.    
Anglers relish the spring bite and the fall bite.  Birders covet the spring and fall migrations.
Both enjoy a challenge.  For fisherman it’s finding, hooking and landing. Fish that put up a good fight are preferred, like the smallmouth bass that get Mr. Jackson all fired up.
For birders it’s finding and identifying, where sometimes a one-second glance is all you get. It’s the challenge of seeing birds we’ve never seen before, motivating us to get out more and visit new places.
Patience may be the single greatest connection. Anglers and birders wait for The Moment, using all of their senses to anticipate and be ready. More often than not it eludes us, so we learn to appreciate the familiar and unremarkable. Rare is just a bonus.
The process, not just the outcome, is part of the fun. I can’t speak for fisherman but I believe if you don’t enjoy the process and routine of birding then you are not long for the hobby.
And did I mention the one that got away? Anglers are famous for these stories but birders tell them too. One of mine involves a likely ferruginous hawk in Colorado back in 2003. It should be on my life list but sadly is not. So, yes, we can relate to how our angler friends feel when they hook a monster bass, watch it surface, and moments later feel the line go slack. It hurts, we know. 
But let’s close on a more upbeat note as we begin a new year of outdoor discovery. Picture a group of happy birders and fishermen, gathered in a cozy Northwoods tavern, sharing tales of feather and fin. It was a good day in the woods and on the water. 
All are sporting khaki vests with lots of pockets, festooned with colorful hand-tied flies or birding pins, depending on each wearer’s persuasion.
After a few longnecks the new friends disperse, retiring early to their cabins. A good night’s sleep is advised, because tomorrow, like today, starts before dawn.     
Copyright 2014 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Great Gray Owl by Olivia Jankiewicz

2013: A year for the birds, plus a few moths

(published 12-18-13)

In my little world, baseball is important.  I like watching it almost as much as birds. So don’t be too surprised that my favorite news story in 2013 didn’t involve feathers.
On July 15, Greg Van Niel, my new role model, collected four foul balls during a game at Progressive Field, home of my beloved Cleveland Indians. Van Niel is a season ticket holder so he goes to a lot of games. He’d never caught a single foul ball until the day he snagged four.
I don’t know if Van Niel is a birder. If he is, I like his chances of finding an ivory-billed woodpecker. Check that, the bird will find him.
Luck comes in pretty handy when birding.  Just ask Matt Daw, a 19-year-old birding whiz who on July 7 was shooting video of a least bittern at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Then something unbelievable: into the picture strolls a rufous-necked wood-rail, a species never before seen in the United States! The discovery made national news and sent birders around the nation scurrying for airline tickets to Albuquerque.
The 2013 birding year provided plenty of local excitement too, reminding me of how lucky we are to live in such a bird-rich region with so many dedicated, sharp-eyed and enthusiastic birders.  As usual, I was taking notes:
  • From late January through mid-April a varied thrush visited a backyard in Evanston. Homeowners Jason and Judy Kay deserve a gold medal for welcoming the hundreds of birders who went their alley to catch a glimpse of this rare avian visitor from the Pacific Northwest.
  • The thrush was my 500th life bird. Other lifers in 2013: Louisiana waterthrush (finally!), Mississippi kite, Thayer’s gull, glaucous gull, red-throated loon, Ross’s goose, Eurasian tree sparrow and Le Conte’s sparrow. All were seen in Illinois.
  • Like the varied thrush in Evanston, it amazes me how long a vagrant bird will sometimes stay put.  An evening grosbeak hung around Rosehill Cemetery in Chicago throughout February and March.
  • On Nov. 7, Margaret Mechtenberg triggered a bird rush by reporting a Townsend’s solitaire at Jon J. Duerr Forest Preserve in Kane County. A lifer for many, the bird was still present in early December.
  • By the way, pretty cool to see an email update about the solitaire on Nov. 19. Submitted by Jon J. Duerr.
  • 
    Townsend's Solitaire by Jackie Bowman
    I finally tracked down a pileated woodpecker at Morton Arboretum in 2013, but my friend Diann Bilderback pulled off something far more remarkable. On Sept. 29 she ran the table by spotting all seven local woodpecker species in one place, Elsen’s Hill in Winfield.  That would be pileated, red-headed, red-bellied, downy, hairy, northern flicker and yellow-bellied sapsucker.
  • Congrats as well to Aaron Gyllenhaal for shattering the Big Year record for Cook County, a mark that stood for 23 years. He’d seen 281 species and was still counting as this went to press.  Aaron is 16 and a member of Illinois Young Birders.
  • National and state Big Day records were established too!  Team Sapsucker from Cornell smashed the North American mark by seeing or hearing 294 species in 24 hours on April 25. They did it in Texas, beating their old record by 30 species and raising $325,000 for the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
  • The new state Big Day record is now 191 species, achieved in May by a team of six in southern Illinois.
  • So many sightings, so little space. What a year for DuPage! Prairie warbler at Hidden Lake. Blue grosbeaks at the Arboretum, Elsen’s and Danada Forest Preserve.  Upland sandpiper at Springbrook Prairie. A Northern goshawk in Downers Grove.
  • American anhinga, golden eagle and Say’s phoebe thrilled observers at  the Greene Valley Hawk Watch in Naperville.
  • The hawkwatchers also registered 17,500 sandhill cranes passing over the hill on Nov. 23. The word spectacle was invented for days like that.
  • Let’s not forget Fermilab. It was a banner year for the Batavia hotspot: Wilson’s and red-necked phalaropes, buff-breasted sandpiper, piping plover and the site’s first-ever white-faced ibis. Three American avocets arrived at Fermi on Oct. 26 and stayed for weeks.
  • I do most of my birding at Cantigny Park, where the site list grew to 143 species. Kyle Wiktor, a young birder with incredible ear-birding skills, helped locate our first-ever clay-colored sparrow in June.
  • Northern shrike was another first-timer at Cantigny, first in March and then again in November and during the Christmas Bird Count on Dec. 14.
  • Many local birders traveled to southern Wisconsin in March where two great gray owls were discovered well south of their usual winter range. One of the owls was in Middleton, a suburb of Madison and home to Eagle Optics, a birder’s mecca. Now that is a well-placed bird!
  • My biggest surprise of 2013 was finding a great-horned owl pellet with a shiny aluminum bird band inside. The band was still attached to the leg of a female wood duck.
  • Only one new yard bird for me this year, a pine warbler in late April. I’m at 113 species.
  • We watch all kinds of wildlife, of course, and most of us witnessed the invasion of white-lined sphinx moths in September. They looked and acted a lot like hummingbirds.
  • I'll remember my first luna moth sighting, too. One fluttered out of a garage at Cantigny Park in broad daylight. I felt even luckier later in the day when I learned that lunas only live for a week.
    White-Lined Sphinx Moth by Scott Ellis
  • The award for Best New Bird Statue goes to College of DuPage in Glen Ellyn. Have you seen their (way) larger-than-life roadrunner?  But please, call it a chaparral, the school mascot.
  • “A Birder’s Guide to Everything” with Ben Kingsley debuted at the Tribeca Film Festival. Still haven’t seen it, but will.
  • “Avian Architecture,” by Peter Goodfellow. Still haven’t read it, but will.
  • If you follow the NBA, you know the Pelicans recently hatched in New Orleans. Love the name choice.
  • Two other things I love: Naperville announced a 5,000-square-foot nature center at Knoch Knolls park, and a huge expansion is underway at Willowbrook Wildlife Center in Glen Ellyn. Yay!
  • Expect a lot of ink to be spilled in 2014 about the passenger pigeon, a species that went extinct 100 years ago.  I’ll be reading Joel Greenberg’s new book on the subject.
  • My favorite read of 2013 was “Wild Duck Chase,” about the federal duck stamp contest. Bill Rapai’s book on the Kirtland’s warbler was excellent, too.
  • Speaking of stamps, wait until you see the new hummingbird stamp coming in 2014. It’s a beauty of 33-center, for postcards.
  • Backyard birders will miss the Wild Bird Center in Wheaton, which recently closed its doors.  Best of luck to former owners Cathy and Paul Matovich—nice people who did a lot for our hobby.
  • Already it’s been a great winter for snowy owls on the Chicago lakefront. Birders at Montrose were treated to four of them at once on Dec. 13.
  • Reminder: You have until Feb. 16 to go see the Charley Harper art exhibit at the Lake County Discovery Museum in Wauconda.
  • Finally, for those who need to know (like me): the International Ornithological Union’s current World Bird List says there are 10,582 species. Have fun watching them in 2014.
Copyright 2013 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Le Conte's Sparrow by Jackie Bowman

Under the spell of sparrows

(published 11-12-13)
 
On a late October Saturday my backyard was a sight to behold. House sparrows swarmed the feeders as usual, but down below, on the grass, were 10 white-throated sparrows.
There is nothing uncommon about white-throated sparrows, especially during fall migration. But I was happy to see my feeding efforts rewarded by a flock of “true sparrows.” House sparrows, after all, are imposters.  Look in your field guide and you won’t find them in the sparrow section.
What you will see on those pages is lots of brownish birds sporting streaks, chest spots or crown stripes. Sometimes all three! You’ll also see juncos and towhees, fellow members of the sparrow family that look nothing like their cryptically decorated cousins.
Appreciating the variety and subtle beauty of sparrows is the mark of a true birder. We reach a point when we no longer think of sparrows as “little brown jobs” or LBJs. Instead, we want to attract them, observe them and identify them. And we make special trips to find the obscure ones.
I recently went to Fermilab in Batavia to search for my first Le Conte’s sparrow.  Some birding friends on the Cantigny Park walk the day before convinced me to try, telling me exactly where to look.  
A Le Conte’s sparrow, unlike about half of the 20 sparrows that live in or visit DuPage, will likely never appear in your backyard. It’s a shy species that prefers the dense cover of wet grasses and sedge, usually near water.
I love how Pete Dunne describes the Le Conte’s: “Fairly common, but secretive bordering on the clandestine.”
Upon arriving at Fermi through the east entrance I noticed a small band of birders standing out in the scrubby wetlands adjacent to the “A.E. Sea.” I caught up and learned it was a Morton Arboretum class led by Denis Kania, one of this area’s top field ornithologists. They’d already enjoyed killer looks at Nelson’s and Le Conte’s sparrows, so I was definitely in the right place.
Sure enough, within five minutes my 8x42s were on the bird named after Dr. John Le Conte (1818-1891), a Georgia physician and president of the University of California at Berkeley. 
Fox Sparrow by Mike Daley
I thanked Denis for the assist as the class moved on to bird other parts of Fermi.  During the next hour I locked in on even better views of two or more Le Conte’s – a truly handsome sparrow and also our smallest. Wet feet and bur-covered clothing were a small price for some quality time with a bird I’d waited years to see.  
Patience goes a long way when tracking down a Le Conte’s sparrow. You wait for one to fly and then mark the point where it dives into the weeds.  Then you approach slowly, watch for movement and hope for a clear view of at least a piece of the bird. Occasionally a Le Conte’s will sit up in the open. Birders and photographers dream of such moments.    
The tiny Le Conte’s visits here only on migration. Ditto the Nelson’s, an equally bashful sparrow that I missed at Fermi but saw once before at Springbrook Prairie in Naperville. It too is a beautiful bird, with fine and colorful markings.
To find and observe these under-the-radar sparrows, as well as grassland specialties such as Henslow’s, grasshopper and savannah sparrows, I recommend joining a field trip.  The DuPage Birding Club stages regular visits to well-known sparrow havens like Fermi and Springbrook. Fellow birders with local site knowledge and “sparrow smarts” can help you avoid a potentially frustrating search.
Meanwhile, a good number of sparrow species can be seen from your kitchen window.  My own yard list so far includes 10 varieties, including one-time visits by Eastern towhee and field sparrow. Lincoln’s sparrow has appeared twice, but not since 2005. Others are fairly regular, depending on the season: white-throated, white-crowned, fox, chipping and song.
This time year, if you have feeders, dark-eyed juncos are common and watch for American tree sparrows, too. Both are northern breeders that come here for their winter vacations.
All of these backyard sparrows spend most of their feeding time on the open ground, making them easy to watch. I especially enjoy the “jump and scratch” foraging method of the fox sparrow, a colorful fall migrant that sometimes stays all winter.
At home or in the field, sparrows are worth a closer look. And with this family, every season offers new viewing opportunities.

Copyright 2013 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Road tripping for an avian oddity

(published 10-15-13)

If I ever stop feeding the birds, house sparrows will be the reason. Far too many frolic in my backyard. They eat too much. They spoil the birdbath. They hog nesting cavities, making life harder for other birds.
And the house sparrow, like the European starling, is not a native species. That alone is enough to raise the ire of most birders.
So it might surprise you that I put 250 miles on my Corolla last month just to see a non-native bird. Not a rare vagrant from overseas but one that lives in Illinois all year around.
Like the house sparrow, the Eurasian tree sparrow was imported here from Europe in the 19th century. The two are close relatives and look similar.  The big difference is range.  House sparrows were set free in Brooklyn, around 1850, and spread like wildfire. They are abundant from coast to coast.
Eurasian tree sparrows, on the other hand, are local and uncommon. In North America, they are found in only three places:  eastern Missouri; southeastern Iowa; and west-central Illinois. The species was first released in St. Louis’s Lafayette Park in 1870.
Until recently I had no idea that Eurasian tree sparrows existed within 120 miles of Glen Ellyn. Then I noticed an Illinois Young Birders outing scheduled for Sugar Grove Nature Center in Funks Grove, just south of Bloomington. The trip leader, Ben Murphy, described Sugar Grove as one of the most reliable places to see Eurasian tree sparrows.
I appreciate reliability, especially when it involves a bird I’ve never seen.  So off I went with my son Jay, who is not a birder but likes road trips.
Birding in late September, at the height of fall migration, is almost guaranteed to be good. And Sugar Grove proved better than good on a sunny but chilly morning.  The 1,100-acre preserve teemed with warblers, vireos, tanagers, grosbeaks and other migrating beauties.  In two hours we piled on 45 species including the most black-and-white warblers and rose-breasted grosbeaks I’d ever seen in one place. Spotting a Lincoln’s sparrow and a blue-winged warbler was especially nice since those two species traditionally elude me.
Turning our backs on the show outside wasn’t easy but I was eager to get a look at the star attraction.  Imagine that, a non-native sparrow pulling me off the trails on a bright and birdy September morning. The chance for a lifer makes us crazy sometimes.
Ben, Jay and I entered Sugar Grove’s Hazel Funk Holmes Bird Viewing Sanctuary inside the interpretive center. Multiple feeding stations just outside the crystal-clear windows were attracting a feathery crowd, including lots of hummingbirds.  A birder could spend many happy hours in a place like this. Clearly it’s a wonderful place for kids to learn about birds, too. 
Fortunately, the seed eaters outside the viewing room included a few Eurasian tree sparrows—far outnumbered by house sparrows but easy to tell apart by their black cheek patch and reddish-brown cap. Ben told me the Eurasian population at Sugar Grove is much greater in late fall and winter, when they naturally rely more on feeder food.
Comparing the two immigrant species side by side and watching them interact was interesting. Eurasian tree sparrows and house sparrows don’t play nice, at the feeders and elsewhere.  They compete for nesting cavities and the chunkier, more aggressive house sparrow usually wins.  Experts believe this is the main reason why Eurasians remain so limited in their U.S. distribution.  They’re simply not wired for world domination like house sparrows and starlings.
Before heading home, Jay and I took the Mother Road, Old Route 66, over to Funks Grove Pure Maple Sirup. Yes, they really spell it that way, and the sweet treat is one of life’s simple pleasures.  As I purchased a glass-bottled quart, the shopkeeper asked what brought us to the area. Birding, I said, and one bird in particular.  She’d never heard of it.
Northbound on I-55, it occurred to me that the casual visitor might never catch on that Sugar Grove harbors an unusual avian resident. Nothing I noticed at the nature center told the story of the Eurasian tree sparrow, a bird just outside and yet so far away from its original home.
But for curious birders with some gas money, a “reliable” life list opportunity is really quite close.  
Copyright 2013 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.
Richard Crossley

Crossley's on a mission to fledge new birders

(published 9-8-13)

From my perspective, the birding hobby appears healthy and growing.  The bird walks and meetings I attend are usually well populated, and membership in the DuPage Birding Club continues to rise.
The national trend is positive, too, based on a USDA Forest Service report issued in April.  However, the report said that while birding continues to grow, the pace of growth has eased.  That may not qualify as a “dark cloud” but there’s no doubt that birding is falling short when it comes to attracting youngsters and ethnic minorities.

Birding can never have enough cheerleaders.  We know our hobby is fascinating and fun, but we could probably do a better job of sharing it.
Perhaps nobody embraces that idea with more enthusiasm than Richard Crossley, a popular figure on the national birding scene and best known for his “Crossley ID Guide” series.

A native of England now living in Cape May, N.J., Crossley will visit here on Sept. 12 as a guest of the DuPage Birding Club. All are welcome to attend his presentation at Cantigny Park in Wheaton.

Crossley moved to the U.S. in 1991. He hasn’t lost his Yorkshire accent or his memories of hitchhiking 100,000 miles during his youth in pursuit of birds.  I asked him if he still gets the urge to “twitch” a rare bird, such as the rufous-necked wood rail that appeared in New Mexico in July.
“Occasionally I’ll chase a bird if it’s a plumage or a bird I want to learn more about,” Crossley says.  “My twitching these days is for photos for my books.”

More about the books later, and their development is a great story. But what really excites me about Crossley is his passion for getting more people to try birding. He is absolutely on a mission, and his trusty Nikons are focused on young people in particular.
In 2012, Crossley co-founded Pledge to Fledge, a global outreach aimed at hatching new birders. I like the concept so much that I added the “P2F” banner to the front page of my blog. The idea is for active birders to inspire a broader public appreciation for birds by sharing their passion with others.  It starts at the grass roots level by taking a friend or other non-birder out to see and enjoy birds for the first time.

Crossley says Pledge to Fledge is getting some traction but will take years to build on.  “Mobilizing birders is very difficult,” he admits, and recruiting new birders also is challenging.
“We have no household TV celebrities in birding and no TV programs that talk about things people see on a day-to-day basis. Celebrities make things fashionable and most people relate to their stories.”
But Crossley is not discouraged.
“The surge in the number of youth birding clubs in the last few years is the big bright spot that will have a huge positive impact. It will also help with our dowdy image.”
Crossley and his wife Debra provide time and leadership to the Cape May Young Birders Club, which they co-founded. On Oct. 19 the club is hosting a Young Birders Day in cooperation with other youth birding groups. They hope a few members of Illinois Young Birders might be able to attend.

One senses that Crossley’s time with the kids has been transformative. Indeed, so has his work on the Crossley ID Guides, the first of which (Eastern Birds) published in 2011.  His ID Guide for raptors debuted in April.
The books are quite different than conventional field guides and have caught on fast with birders. Crossley’s marketing materials say the guides provide the first real-life approach to identification. Pages feature lifelike scenes with multiple photographic images of the same species, the goal being to match what a birder really sees in the field.
Crossley will discuss his creative process for the ID Guides when he visits Cantigny and perhaps talk about what’s next.  His website indicates new guides are on the way for British birds and western U.S. birds.
If you have a chance, do take a look at crossleybirds.com.  The site includes some excellent short (and funny) videos with Crossley offering specific advice to help us become better birders. You can see the man in action, too, shooting birds through an enormous lens. His energy level in the field is impressive.
“I still feel like I’m 21 years old when I’m out, but I have two teenage daughters who remind me that I’m not,” he says.
Richard Crossley obviously enjoys his craft, and the birding community is better for having this former twitcher in its ranks. He’s a bookseller, sure, but he’s giving the hobby more than he’s taking.
“My birding life is totally different to the past. Now it’s based on doing things such as creating books that will have an impact. To have an influence on anybody’s life has to be one of the greatest gifts anyone can receive.”

Copyright 2013 by Jeff Reiter. All rights reserved.